So that the main thing – early detection of pathological condition. And then the baby transferred to a special diet, will not lag behind their peers. Of inflammatory bowel disease isolate the main and most serious – a disease Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis. Diseases affect mainly urban residents aged 20 to 40 years, that is, in their most productive years. Crohn’s disease – a chronic disease where the intestinal wall in developing inflammation, swelling, thickening, due to which there is a narrowing of the lumen-colon. Can form adhesions, fistulas, ulcers. Main symptoms: abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, joint pain, increase in temperature.
May develop a syndrome of malabsorption, indicating that progression, the process. Severe complications of the disease are intestinal bleeding and perforation of the intestinal wall, calling for an emergency surgical care. Ulcerative colitis – a disease of large intestine, where inflammation necrotic areas. Onset – gradual. Pain in the abdomen, loose stools, which later the patient noticed an admixture of purulent phlegm and blood. These symptoms cause consult a doctor with suspected dysentery.
However, antibiotic therapy is not effective, the disease progresses, leading to a loss of appetite, weight loss, anemia. Special examination techniques to help make the correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Often the disease is complicated by intestinal bleeding, perforation ulcer, fistula, cancer occur degeneration. These diseases are prone to long-term stream, frequent exacerbations, and can not be completely cured. But regularly visiting a specialist and performing all of its recommendations, it is possible to live to a ripe old age and die at all no part of this. So, you must timely appeal to a gastroenterologist for a comprehensive treatment not only in acute, but also throughout life. Exceptional value in treating a patient has a dietary food. It should meet the physiological needs of the organism in the digestive disorders. Require an increased amount of protein and vitamins: these substances are lost in the first place. With intestinal bleeding anemia, and in combination with impaired iron absorption in the small intestine it is rapidly progressing. The best dietary source of iron – meat and liver, buckwheat. These products should be daily appear in the menu. Patients can not tolerate milk and milk products, so the period of remission as a source of calcium can only be fresh sour curd and cheese. Foods containing dietary fiber (black bread, raw vegetables and fruits, bread, bran, beans) and pickled, salted, smoked food, irritating the mucous membrane, are excluded from the diet. The ban imposed on carbonated soft drinks, sparkling wine, grape wine. You can use mineral water without gas. In the acute phase is assigned a diet with restriction of mechanical and chemical stimuli, with the exception of food, causing putrefaction and fermentation processes in the intestine, stimulating secretion of gastric, pancreatic and biliary excretion. All dishes are boiled or steamed, pureed necessarily. Diet fractional (5-6 times, sometimes 7-8 times a day). Bread in the form of dried slices of white bread. Soups mucous pureed with the addition of boiled and mashed meat or fish. Cancer Research is likely to agree. Lean meat or fish, missed Grind 3-4 times, boiled or steamed in water as the meatballs, hamburgers, souffle, quenelles. Kashi pureed in water or low-fat beef broth, vegetable broth. Butter only as an additive in food. Excluded pasta, milk, sauces, spices, fresh berries, fruits and vegetables.