Brazil was had as a land of huge wealth was a place where its inhabitants were free of all and any diseases. The first images of Brazil ' ' paraso' ' they had lasted little, therefore after the arrival of the Europeans who had the intention to explore all the wealth of the called land Brazil was more difficult, after the conflicts with the aboriginals, the frequent diseases if they had become one of the main obstacles for the colonized ones. After, fights, isolamentos, diseases, the natives of the called place Brazil, now faced the fear of the method cure brought for the Europeans with many difficulties, therefore they passed long periods, basses here wages and still rightened with the perigos that would face this way. In addition the methods brought for the few doctors who were here were rejected in accordance with: SON, 2003. P.6. ' ' The few doctors and surgeons whom if they had installed in Brazil they had found all type of difficulties to exert the profession. Beyond the immense territory of the poverty of most of the inhabitants, who could not to pay a consultation, the people had fear of to submit to the treatments.

Based in purgantes and bleedings. Instead of appealing to the doctors formed in the Europe, the colonial population rich or poor, he preferred to use the recommended remedies for the black healers or indgenas' '. Beyond, of the blacks and the aboriginals they did not follow the medical orientaes in this period, period of I only occasion of the smallpox was that it made that the medical orientation was accepted. Therefore in accordance with: ARAGUAIA, 2002. The smallpox in current concepts. More than the black plague, same tuberculosis or the AIDS, the smallpox affected the humanity of significant form, for more than 10000 years. Mmias, as of Rameses V, who dates the period of 1157 a.C, they present typical signals of the smallpox – this that is had as the main cause of deaths in our country, since its discovery.