That is the pancreas and what does? The pancreas is a large organ (approximately six inches long) of the digestive and endocrine systems. It is located deep within the upper abdomen, surrounded by the stomach, small intestine, liver and spleen. This organ is formed as a PEAR, wide at one end and narrows at the other end. It is divided into three sections wide pancreas end is called the head, the middle is called the body, and the narrow end is called the tail. The pancreas performs two important functions within the body.
The pancreas produces digestive juices and enzymes to help digest fats and proteins. When the food has been digested by the stomach partially, it is pushed into the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine). Secreting its enzymes into the duodenum helps to avoid that digest-protein known as trypsin enzyme eat your duct or pancreas. Digestive juices and pancreatic enzymes are released through a small duct attached to the duodenum to mix with food. The pancreas also produces enzymes that analyze carbohydrates (amylase) and fats (lipase) as well as sodium bicarbonate, which helps to neutralize the acids in the stomach in the food. Another important pancreatic function is to produce the hormone insulin together with a variety of other hormones.
Glucose is produced from the subdivision of starches and carbohydrates. Absorbed through the wall of the digestive tract and passes into the blood circulation. Insulin helps control body (glucose) blood sugar levels and keep them within healthy levels. It is produced by small groups of pancreatic cells called the islets of Langerhans, which are also known as islet cells. It secretes insulin when blood sugar rises and makes the muscles and other body tissues to take glucose from the blood to fuel their activity. Insulin also promotes the absorption of glucose in the liver, where it It is stored as glycogen for use in response to stress or exercise.