MARTINS, Carlos Benedict. What it is sociology. So Paulo: Brasiliense, 2006. Carlos Benedict Martins, author of the workmanship ' ' What it is Sociology? ' ' , he is sociologist graduated and master Social Sciences for the PUC of So Paulo, beyond doctor in sociology for the University of Paris. Hodiernamente, acts in the practical professor and research in the Department of Sociology of the University of Brasilia (UnB), more specifically in the areas of Sociological Theory and Sociology of the Education.
It is, still, researcher of the CNPq. In synthesis, the workmanship problematiza the sociological question searching the factors motivadores of the sprouting and the affirmation of sociology while science. Martins makes a historical boarding in order to contextualizar and to become visible elements that are not clarividentes, but that they had influenced strong and they are closely linked to the appearance of new science, of the science of the people in the collective scope properly said. The book is divided in: ' ' Introduction; First chapter: sprouting; Chapter second: The formation; Chapter third: The development; Indications for leitura' '. In the first item, ' ' Introduo' ' , the author presents the workmanship and clarifies its pretensions with this. It makes one brief communication concerning what it configures sociology in its essence, of which its objectives while science, of its relation with the capitalist rising society, of its initial experience in the universities and later the prohibition of the education of the same one. In addition, the author deals with the mistake, that is perhaps even though proposital, to equal or to take the sociology as .causing of the marxism and Theory of the Revolution, therefore for the capitalism he is not nothing interesting that the proletariat is organized and mobilized for its rights and sociology was despertando the capacity of criticidade of the mass. The ruling class, bourgeoisie, desired to verwhelm sociology and tried to convince others that this optimum age.