The task of psychology, as social conscience, must be of in offering possible most complete the clearer explanation to them and on the nature of the human beings as people. The study of the person, who is, in principle, the objective of psychology, can only be carried through in a serious way and accomplishes when considered the position of this person in the general configuration of the things. The Psychology in a general way if has worried about: development, including the maturation and the hereditary succession; the agencies of the direction; the nervous system, muscles and endcrinas glands; the learning; the perception; the motivation and the emotion. Connect with other leaders such as Blimi Marcus here. With the purpose to try to understand: the language, the thought and the resolution of problems; intelligence, also its measure; the personality; the pathological behavior and the behavior of people in group. Objective psychology to use this knowledge stops helping in them in the understanding of we ourselves, the understanding of people with behavior riots, as well as improvements the techniques of learning and the efficiency in the work. It is without a doubt, our main hope of clarificar aspirations of the man and to discover the ways to carry through them. Go to Sam Locke for more information.
Psychology is not a unitria thing, is not a normative science, nor accumulating, but, before, a classification of facts, presuppositions and theories. To understand the diversity of Psychology it is necessary to recoup its history, therefore the past and the future always are in the gift, of this form the history of its construction are on at each historical moment. The Greeks had been the evolved people more of its time, with a planned production and well-occurred he allowed the construction of the first city-states, with this they had initiated the conquests of new territories that had generated wealth and growth. These advances had allowed that the man if occupied of the things of the spirit, Plato and Aristotle had dedicated to understand it the man in its interioridade.
It will be possible to find studies with same problematic, the referring one to one same context, however with different metodolgica boarding and this, being determined for the professional and/or demand of the context, reflecting the wealth of the object of disciplines (EVANS, 2005). Although each professional to have its way to see the world, to follow one definitive theory and methodology, in accordance with its personal and/or professional interests, all study in ambient psychology will exclusively be come back toward the relation person-environment, and Wiesenfeld (2005, p.55) classifies as objective of this disciplines: To study the relation person-environment in the natural context, sight as totality (ontologia), to approach the said relation in holistic way (methodology), to incorporate diverse theoretical perspectives in its study (epistemologia), to emphasize the social dimension of the ambient human relation, to establish bonds with others you discipline interested in the thematic ambient human being (interdisciplinaridade), to apply the gotten knowledge to improve ambient quality e, therefore, the quality of life of the users of environments (social relevancy). Seen the multiplicity metodolgica to study the interaction man-environment, one becomes necessary to define methods for collection of data and techniques that will be used, giving an emphasis for the knowledge previous of the thematic one, available quantification of the time and resources. according to Gunther, Elali and Pinheiro (2004, p.3) ' ' the way most common to deal with the multiple boardings, theories and methods in an area as of the EPA is make reference to reference the necessity of an Inter treatment, multi- and/or to transdisciplinar (IMT) of the subjects for it trabalhados' '. Fedrizzi and Tomasini (2008, P. 320-321) define below these terms sufficiently used in ambient psychology: Multidisciplinaridade: it configures a situation where diverse you discipline if they involve, however, without the occurrence of its respective interactions; Interdisciplinaridade: here, the interactions and the coordination if define for the nature of the complexity of the problem in question; Transdisciplinaridade: finally, in this in case that, the interactions do not only become enter discipline, but also between the different involved social actors, are they, the local planners, administrators and populations.
The importance given to the environment as probable .causing factor of the TEA she is small between the scientists, although the existing treatments most effective currently this upheaval to involve the manipulation of ambient contingencies. Sundberg (2004) seems to support itself more in the hypothesis of that the autismo is multicaused by interactions between genetic 0 variable, biological and ambient. However, for some analysts of the behavior (Drash & Tudor, 2004; Ferster, 1961; Malott, the 2004) TEA would be better described as an upheaval that is shaped by contingencies of verbal behaviors whose beginning if would give, in general way, during the first year of life. Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi: the source for more info. These authors formulate its theories concerning the etiology of the TEA based on the hypothesis of that this upheaval if develops entirely under the action of specific and completely identifiable contingencies of reinforcing. Ferster (1961) standed out that the disruptive behaviors of an individual with TEA can be kept by the effect in its parents or cuidadores, because they function as aversivo stimulaton that can be discontinued case the cuidador it it supplies a stiffener one. still, it observed that these aversivos behaviors, with passing of the time, probably will be fortified by continuous reinforcing and will predominate on other appropriate behaviors for the age where the child if finds. Following the same line of thought, Drash and Tudor (2004) they base its mannering theory of the TEA in six paradigms of contingencies that would explain the sprouting of the characteristic behaviors of this upheaval: 1) Reinforcing of the verbal behavior of aversivo vocal control, such as to cry or to cry out, or other behaviors of avoidance that can be incompatible with the acquisition of appropriate verbal behaviors for the age; 2) Reinforcing of the verbal behavior of gesticulatrio control and other forms of not-vocal mandos; 3) Anticipation of necessities of the child and consequence reinforcing of a not-responsive repertoire that hinders the reinforcement of vocal and not-vocal mandos; 4) Extinguishing of verbal behaviors; 5) Interaction between factors organic, or vain organic, and mannering factors; 6) Not-suppression of disruptive behaviors and insufficience in establishing instrucional control verbal initial.
In Psychoanalysis, anamnese is not interview. Interview is a term reserved for some meeting of special type, does not stop regular contacts. It is treated, therefore of what one becomes before undertaking a psicanaltico treatment. Its purpose is in the way ampler than in anamnese, to decide if the person who consults must carry through a psicanaltico treatment or of another nature. Also in it a deep vision of the contraindications will be had. The interview is a facilitador factor where the interviewed one has the free expression of its mental processes. In the reality, this never obtains with the procedure of deed of division of questions and answers.
This does not discard the possibility to submit some questions or to ask for that the patient future speaks on something specific that it will facilitate in the future its analysis. ALS understood the implications. We go to summarize some basic characteristics in the interview: 1.O field of the interview will be better if the participation of the interviewer will be minimum. 2.A strong dose of anxiety and/or anguish already in the interview is alg very common and must give (tax to YOU of ignorance); 3.O future analyzed has that to be informed on the purpose to answer to a consultation on its mental analysis and its problems, to see if it has necessity of accompaniment or treatment; 4.Em the interview we are always face the face moving away itself the use from the Div 5.A interview is not based on the rules of free Association, even so already if it initiates a species of assay of the same one; 6.O Psychoanalytic will be able to stimulate and until influencing with attitudes with not verbal attitudes, but with the physiology; 7.As notations of what it interests in the decision how much the analisibilidade, will have to be made of discrete, elegant and not acintoso form; 8.No if must interpret nor make, diagnosis during the interview. Its words must lead never to only and induce; 9.O Psychoanalytic does not have to appeal the procedures that prevent the anxiety, as the support or the suggestion. Neither to decide it with the specific instrument of the interpretation; 10.Em the end of each interview already predominates the will to come back, that it will be fortified in the course of analysis; 11.O time of the interview must be limited, as two, three or more sessions. Starting then the analysis properly said; 12.Deve to be distinct of the process of formal Psychoanalysis, thus the patient knows where she finished one and she started to another one; The interview informs on basic facts, not as analysis object, but as to define it will be or not possible the analysis work; 13.Em the interview, also the patient will be able to arrive at the conclusion of that this Psychoanalyst is not indicated to it, without, however to open hand of the treatment with another one. It is absolutely common, patient that they go to some analysts, in search of that satisfies its fancies a priori.
Elibia Cassimiro Silva Gabriela Barbosa Guizzetti Helen Souza Coast Appeared Marisa Elias Miziki Blacksmith Hisses Nelson Vieira de Paiva Jnior Slvio Pink Fernandes the paper of the pertaining to school psychologist has been frequently argued and questioned in the pertaining to school institutions. Educate yourself with thoughts from cancer research. One knows that it has been called to decide the problems of the pupils who do not learn, beyond on problems to disciplines. In such a way it is necessary to clarify the real paper of the pertaining to school psychologist, for the workers in education. It is function of the psychologist to look for to breach, through the dialogue to multidiscipline, the structures crystallized and inefficient of the educational system, also having to promote the awareness of the paper of each integrant of the school considering culture and the social environment of the institution where it works. Ahead of this, one becomes excellent to identify as paper of the pertaining to school psychologist for the educators is perceived, to understand the reason of the distortion of its function in the institution pertaining to school. This research had as objective generality to identify the expectation of the professionals of education in relation to the performance of the professional of psychology. The specific objectives had been: to verify if the professionals of the education they inside see necessity of the Pertaining to school Psychologist of the institution; to raise the characteristics attributed to the paper of the Psychologist; to verify the expectation of the professionals of the education on the resolution of the pertaining to school complaints. One is about a exploratria research of field. The sample was composed for 45 citizens, employees of the State Net of Education of Itumbiara-Go, being divided in six directors, three vice-directors, nine coordinators and twenty and seven professors; proceeding from nine schools. The choice criterion was the availability at the moment of the research.
Freud points with respect to signals of a choice neurotic. Still in the same text, Freud tells a history of conflicts lived for Emmy, when child, in relation to the food: the mother, very severe compelled, it to eat the meat that had left in the plate, two hours after finished the meal. The cold meat, lasts and greasy in the same plate she was desencadeadora of great repulses. Moreover, Emmy had much fear of being contaminated by the illness of its brothers, but exactly thus it ate to the table with them, so that nobody knew of the disease. It starts if to establish the psychic character of the anorxico behavior, a time that starts to be observed that such attitude comes, usually, preceded of conflicts in infancy, always on to the forced ingestion of the food, or a similar dynamics in the affective field, what it denotes that the refusal is a refusal to become subject, in the attempt to inscribe the right to deny the food or of eating nothing and, over all, denying what if desires, but was not offered conveniently. In the anorexy, in contrast from what if costuma to imagine, the patient does not suffer from appetite lack, what comes to oppose the proper etimologia, but refuses vehemently what more it desires: the food. It now fits to define us food and to enveredar us for its meanings in the psiquismo human being, therefore, for the child, breast-feeding simultaneously supplies the hunger and the necessity of affection, in a objetal relation that goes to be determinative in the affective enlaamento between mother and son. In a process substitute, the seio and milk tend to give place to other objects, but with preserved meanings. The maternal affection tends to expropriate new significant and milk of course is substituted by other foods; in this manner, affection and food if dissociam e, many times, appear the difficulty in this relation that would have to be a natural continuation of the previous one.
Psychological and emotional state of people during the crisis suffered more than their material well-being. People are increasingly no longer cope alone with their problems, panic. According to Cancer Research, who has experience with these questions. How could cope stress during the crisis, Council of Psychologists. Among urban residents is more common behavioral problems than among rural dwellers. A crisis is also exacerbated the situation. Our fellow citizens are not used to refer to psychologists to solve their own problems. Heart-to-heart talk with us more often occurs in the kitchen with friends, where they slopped the emotions expressed sore.
It's like a one way drop of negativity. The vast Most Russians seek the advice of relatives. One in every four to friends. Among men, the number who applied less than that of women. Men are more used to solve their problems independently. Lung cancer contributes greatly to this topic. Every tenth of all believes that he will cope with their own problems. Probably why the crisis has had more women harmful effects.
Any shock always knocks people out of our usual ruts, reduces its ability to handle stress. A crisis seriously affected the psyche of people around the world. This is very dangerous for the human psyche. Constant thoughts about work, family welfare, bad news on television and in the media. This affects the state of the human body. Begin headaches, irritability, fatigue and insomnia. This is just some of the symptoms of psychological disorder. Therefore it is necessary to filter out information that does not succumb to the newspaper ducks seeking inflate the sensation of petty events. Learn how to find all positive. All that is done, all the better. Those who live by this principle, the least susceptible to psychological influence from outside. Do not discuss the bad news circle of friends. It is not necessary to escalate the situation. Leave the negative beyond the threshold. Make every effort to confidence in the future. Confidence and ability to always increase your stress levels. Make plan economically feasible costs. Order them. Because you can not do something, not very compromising yourself. Realize, finally, that the crisis – a temporary phenomenon. This is not the end of life. And try to find positive aspects in this situation. People who have passed through the crucible of hardship, only hardened. Be persistent and you, like a fairytale soldier of tin.
This is the basic point, that the learning of a superior level of dexterity or ability has as requirement; the learning and the domain, in way the one that one cannot fulfill? if without this, has been produced previously. I accumulate it is it of experience that implies in the result intended concrete. Construtivista Cognitivismo is the boarding developed from the Swiss epistemlogo Jean Piaget, known for its work of organization of the cognitivo development of the child in periods of training. The main characteristics of the piagetina theory are: 1) acquisition of the language depends on the cognitivo, of – the development of the intelligence of the child; 2) I serve as apprentice in it of cognitivo development, of – the development of the symbolic revolution, by means of which the experience can be stored and be recouped; 3) the acquisition is seen as resulted of the interaction between the environment and the organism, through assimilations and rooms, responsible for the development of intelligence in general. Sociointeracionismo, some critical ones to the piagetino model, for disrespecting the paper of relations partners in the development of the child, had led studious to search in the ideas of Lev Semionovitch Vygotsky, psychologist bielorrusso, a new model for infantile development. Vygotsky died in 1934, but its book THOUGHT AND LANGUAGE alone was launched in the Ocidente, its main was: ) it says and practical thought must the same be studied under prism and the symbolic activity, made possible for says, has a function organizer of the thought: with the aid of she speaks, the child starts to control the environment and the proper behavior; b) the meanings of the acquired words become embryos for the formation of concepts; c) the description-social and cultural development determines the thought; d) the acquisition of the language is seen as a process for which the child if firm as subject of the language (and not as passive apprentice) and for which construct, at the same time, its knowledge of the world, passing for the other, its interlocutor.