(2004) in years 70, before the use of the videolaparoscpica surgery, one only met patient diagnosised with illness in more serious periods of training and the studies epidemiologists were restricted the submitted patients the laparotomia. As well as other relative topics to the endometriosis, as etiopatogenia and treatment, the epidemiologia of this illness presents given scientific conflicting and inconclusivos. The attempt of identification of risk factors, relation with information on the feminine reproductive life, genetic and ambient factors, in no study revealed definitive. Neme (2008) apud Candiani et al. (1991) analyzing only the gynecological internments (except related the gestation) they had found the diagnosis of endometriosis in 7,9% of handbooks. The real profile of the carrying patient of endometriosis is inexact, even so exists consensus that the illness is present in at least 10% of the general population Neme (2008) apud (BARBIERI, 1990; WEST, 1990; ESKENAZI and WARNER, 1997), being able to reach 50% of the cases in infertile patients or with pelvic pain chronic Neme (2008) apud (HOUSTON et al., 1988; DAMARIO and ROCK, 1995; MATORRAS et al., 1995; BALASCH et al., 1996). Oosterlynck et al. (1991) they had told prevalence of 77% in patients with infertility, 82% in women with pelvic algia and only 1,5 5% in assintomticas women submitted the videolaparoscopia for tubria sterilization.
Neme (2008) apud Koninckx et al. (1991) they had demonstrated prevalence of the illness of 68% in women with infertility complaint, of 71% with chronic pelvic algia and 84% in women with both the Neme complaints (2008) apud and Propst and Laufer (1999 had more than described) it in 70% of the adolescents with incapacitante dismenorria. These numbers are especially difficult to be definite for two main reasons: direct relation does not exist enters the presence of the illness and the sintomatologia presented for the patient, fact that, certainly, the diagnosis in assintomticas carriers Neme hinders (2008) apud Vercellini et al. .